Definition: Option trading involves buying and selling options contracts. Options are financial derivatives that give the holder the right (but not the obligation) to buy or sell an underlying asset (such as stocks, commodities, or indices) at a specific price (strike price) before or on a predetermined expiration date.
Purpose: Traders use options for various purposes, including speculation, hedging, and income generation. Options can be used to profit from price movements, protect an existing portfolio, or generate income through option writing strategies.
Time Horizon: Option trading can have various time horizons, ranging from short-term to long-term, depending on the type of options used (e.g., short-term weekly options or longer-term LEAPS).
Risk: Options carry specific risks, including time decay (theta), implied volatility changes, and the risk of losing the entire premium paid for the option. The risk can be limited to the premium paid for the option or can be substantial in certain strategies.
Capital Requirements: Option trading may require less capital compared to directly buying or short-selling the underlying asset. However, the amount of capital needed depends on the specific strategy and the number of contracts traded.
Strategies: Option trading involves various strategies, such as covered calls, protective puts, straddles, strangles, and iron condors, among others.
Definition: Intraday trading, also known as day trading, involves buying and selling financial assets (usually stocks or derivatives) within the same trading day. Day traders aim to profit from short-term price fluctuations.
Purpose: The primary goal of intraday trading is to capitalize on short-term price movements. Day traders do not hold positions overnight and seek to make multiple small profits throughout the day.
Time Horizon: Intraday trading has an extremely short time horizon, often minutes to hours. Positions are typically closed before the market closes for the day.
Risk: Intraday trading can be highly risky due to the rapid pace of trading and the need to make quick decisions. Traders can experience significant gains or losses in a single day.
Capital Requirements: Day trading often requires a significant amount of capital, as traders need sufficient funds to meet margin requirements and handle potential losses.
Strategies: Intraday traders use various strategies, such as scalping, momentum trading, and swing trading, to profit from short-term price movements. Technical analysis and chart patterns are commonly employed.